Port Yuzhny, 30 km to the east of Odessa, is one of the youngest and deepest ports of Ukraine. Its construction was started in 1973 on the western shore of Adjalykskiy Liman (estuary) that lies on the northwestern coast of the Black Sea. Two vital circumstances coincided in the founding of this port city. First, the country needed a new specialized, deepwater port on the Black Sea coast furnished with the most modern port equipment. Second, on the banks of Adjalykskiy Liman the construction of the new Odessa Priportoviy Plant had been begun and its products were to be exported by sea transport.
Besides exporting the said plant’s chemical products (such as ammonia, methanol, carbamideammonia mix), the new port was intended for throughput handling of ammonia coming in through the pipeline from Tolyatty, Russia, and some chemical cargoes, mostly fertilisers, carried by railway from Ukraine, Russia and Belorussia.
The port was also equipped with powerful terminals for handling of bulk cargoes such as coal, ores and general cargoes.
The founding date of the new port was fixed as July 27, 1978, when the Latvian gascarrier Bulduri berthed at Port Yuzhny pier. The construction of two large enterprises – the new port and the chemical plant, became the prerequisite for founding a new town nearby, Yuzhny, as most of its population of 25,000 people are workingat the port and the plant.
PORT REGULATIONS AND NAVIGATIONAL INFORMATION
Yuzhny Merchant Sea Port is located in Adjalykskiy Liman (estuary) in the northeastern part of the Black Sea. There is the approach channel of 2 miles in length and 15 m in depth leading from the sea to the port.
Port’s position: Latitude 46°36′N, Longitude 31°01′E.
The port is open to navigation year round.
The territory of the port is situated on the east and west banks of Adjalykskiy Liman. The proper of Odessa Priportiviy Plant lies adjacent to the port territory on the estuary’s west bank.
The port waters include the following areas: the waters of Adjalykskiy Liman; the water area bounded by a 2 mile radius arc centered at the shore radar station building, (Latitude – 46°36′04′′N, Longitude – 31°01′25′′E); port anchorages Nos. 356, 357 and 358.
Entering and Leaving Port
Shipmasters of gas, chemical carriers and tankers must inform the Harbour Master of their arrival 72 hours in advance and specify their ETA 24 hours in advance followed by the specification 12 hours prior to their entrance to the circular movement zone of the traffic separation system. The masters of all other types of ships must inform their ETA 48 hours prior to arrival, with subsequent confirmation of it 12 hours prior to their entrance to the circular movement zone of the traffic separation system.
Shipmasters of gas and chemical vessels, tankers should inform the Harbour Master of proper technical condition of the vessel. Any trouble is to be referred to seperately.
Shipmasters of all vessels must inform the Harbour Master of the vessel’s equipment for preventing environmental pollution, the place for taking ballast or its replacement in the deep sea and the availability of personal protection devices for crew members.
The masters of all vessels must notify the port’s sanitary authorities and SPCI of their planned departure no less than one day in advance followed by the notification no less than 6 hours prior to the planned departure. Completion of outward formalities for carrier vessels is performed by an official of the State Port Control Inspection on board the vessel.
Gas carriers must produce the certification of each crew member confirming their training in safe methods of operating gas carriers, apart from the vessel’s main documents.
Entry and exit from the port is allowed under the following wind speed conditions: up to 14 m/s for all loaded vessels and dry-cargo vessels in ballast; up to 12 m/s for gas and chemical carriers proceeding in ballast; when wind speed exceeds 14 m/s, with the permission of the master a vessel may enter or leave the port in two phases. In such cases remote pilotage shall be performed in the approach channel.
Vessels of more than 100 DWT can enter and leave the port only by permission of the harbour master. Vessels may enter and exit the port roundtheclock. The entry or exit of carrier vessels to or from the port is prohibited when the crosscurrent speed in the approach channel exceeds 1 knot.
The port can admit vessels of up to 278 m. in length, 48 m. in width and 14.5 m. draft.
All vessels, irrespective of their affiliation should prove their compliance with the international convention MARPOL73/78 and have international certifications regarding prevention of oil, sewage and garbage pollution. Moreover, vessels not equipped with a closed loop sewage system are prohibited to enter the port.
Except port Yuzhny passenger launches, the entry to the port of any passenger vessel carrying passengers on board is only permitted when there are no and tankers, gas or chemical carriers present in port, and only at the consent of the Harbour Master and state control inspections.
Port Yuzhny is more vulnerable to dangerous shipping accidents due to its handling of liquefied gas and chemical cargoes.
Therefore, vessels navigating within the inner port’s water area should not exceed the speed of 4 knots and no more than 6 knots in the sea approach channel. Traffic in port waters is oneway only. Movement in opposite direction inside port waters and the approach channel is only allowed when visibility is at least 2 miles and only for vessels of no more than 50 m in length or 500 GRT with no dangerous cargoes on board.
Pilotage of gas carriers and chemical carriers, tankers either loaded or with non-degassed cargo holds in ballast is only allowed with an escort of safety vessel. The escort vessel shall proceed in front of the carrier vessel at a distance of 8–10 cables and notifying all vessels in the vicinity by VHF radio or other means about the movements of the gas or chemical carrier, tankers, so that they would keep clear of and remain at least 20 cables away from the carrier.
Ships are not allowed to navigate under restricted visibility conditions as follows:
- all dry cargo vessels with deadweight exceeding 20,000 t;
- gas or chemical carriers, tankers with deadweight exceeding 10,000 t. – when visibility is less than 1 nautical mile;
- all other vessels – when visibility is less than 0.5 nautical mile.
It is forbidden for any ship to overtake another one within port waters.
Requests for icebreaker services must be submitted to the Harbour Master through the agent 24 hours in advance of the estimated time of departure from the port.
Pilotage is compulsory for: all CIS carrier vessels with gross tonnage exceeding 500 GRT; for all foreign ships and all ships belonging to commercial companies irrespective of their type and tonnage. Port pilots board and leave vessels at the position: Latitude 46°31′0′′N, Longitude 30°57′2′′E.
The use of tugs when performing mooring operations is compulsory for all vessels of more than 50 m in length or 500 GRT. Vessels must submit applications for tug service to the Port Operator through their agents, 4 hours prior to starting of mooring operations. When performing mooring operations, the control of tug operations is carried out via VHF, channel 6.
|Intention||№||Depth (m)||Capacity (point)||Distance between points (miles)|
|For gas and chemical carriers and tankers||356||14-21||9||0,5|
|For ships with draft not exceeding 7 m and length less than 170 m.||357||22-25||7||0,5|
|For dry cargo ships||358||16-18||8||0,5|
Anchorage in Roadsteads
The anchorages are slightly protected from northerly winds only. The ground is soft clay, silt, sand and shell.
When anchoring all vessels shall keep their radio tuned to VHF channel 16.
Policy on Staying in Port
Independent shifting on berth and moving along berths while on mooring lines is only permitted to the following types of vessels: non-self propelled vessels with gross tonnage under 500 GRT, port craft and those whose masters have obtained the Harbour Master’s permission to navigate within port waters without a pilot.
All other vessels, when shifting berth, should submit an order for pilot and tug(s) to the Port Operator via their agent at least 1 hour before they intend to start the operation.
In cases when a shift or casting off is delayed more than 30 minutes after the pilot’s arrival on board – and the fault is on ship’s master – the Port Operator has the right to call back both the pilot and the tugs. Nevertheless, the vessel’s shipmaster shall be obliged to sign the pilot’s receipt and the bill of payment for services in full conformity with the current rates and rules.
The area of berths Nos. 3 and 4 and oil terminals and the 50 m wide port water area adjoining these berths are deemed a danger zone; any entry to this zone is only allowed with the permission of the station for servicing berthed vessels.
Permission to make repairs that involve putting the main engine, steering gear or anchor gear out of operation is not allowed for more than one vessel at a time.
Gas and chemical carriers are normally permitted to perform such repair work in the outer roads only.
Upon completion of cargo handling operations, every vessel must be casted off and put into the outer road or to one of the anchoring berths at the owner’s expense.
At the port entrance on the western bank there is a sand-handling terminal. The depth alongside the sand handling berth varies due to sand washing.
Masters of vessels proceeding to this sand terminal berth should be cautious.
On the western bank in the northern part of Adjalykskiy Liman, there is a berth for laying down vessels that belong to the Ukrainian Scientific Centre of Sea Ecology (USCSE). The length of the berth is 130 m. Permissible draft of vessels here is 4.8 m. There are also auxiliary berths in the port for its auxiliary fleet also used as a temporary bunkering base.
The port has modern workshops for repairing mechanical and electrical equipment. Repairs to vessel’s navigational parts can also be performed here.
The bunkering of vessels with fuel and potable water is provided.
Port specializes in handling of bulk, chemical, ore and general cargoes including coal, metal, cast iron, pellets, palm oil, carbamide, ammonia, methanol, crude oil and grain.
- Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea basins;
- Latin America, the United States of America;
- Middle East countries;
- Southeast Asian countries.
- Transit cargoes amount to 50 % of the entire cargo turnover and are coming mostly from Russia.
Port terminals are located on the eastern and western banks of the Ajalykskiy Liman.
Total length of port’s berths is approx. 3 km. The port has 2 cargo handling areas, three railway stations that are on Odessa Railway line, namely: Beregovaya, Chimicheskaya and Promyshlennaya.
These stations are connected to the outer railway system through Chernomorskaya Station. The inner port roadways are connected to Odessa– Nikolaev highway. Port berths are connected to the access railway lines and equipped with gantry cranes of rated lifting capacity up to 84 t.
Cargo handling operations may be performed 24 hours a day, Sundays and holidays included.
The port is open to navigation all year round.
Cargo Area No. 1
This cargo area is located on Adjalykskiy Liman’s western bank and comprises 3 specialised handling complexes.
|Specializations||No.||Length (m)||Permissible Draft (m)|
Terminal No. 1
It is designed to handle bulk carbamide. Its berths are equipped with 3 highly efficient, specialized ship loaders that are connected to Odessa Priportoviy Plant warehouses by conveyor lines housed in covered galleries. The handling rate is 12,000t/day.
Terminal No. 2
It is designed to handle liquid chemical cargoes including liquid ammonia, methanol, CAM. It consists of 2 piers on piles with hightech equipment (pipelines, standers). This terminal is also equipped with a modern, automated, enviromental control system. The intensity of handling totals 24,000 t per 24 hour.
|Specialization||No.||Length (m)||Permissible Draft (m)|
|Loading of ammonia||3||103||13,2|
|Loading of methanol and carbamide-ammonia mix||4||112||12,4|
Terminal No. 3
It used to handle building materials. The throughput capacity of the terminal totals 200,000 t per year. The length of berthing line is 54.5 m, depth at the quay wall – 5.8 m. Open storage areas equipped with 2 Ganz cranes cover to 5,400 sq. m.
Cargo Area No. 2
It is located on the estuary’s eastern bank. Terminal for handling of general and bulk cargo has five berths (Nos. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9). The overal berthing line amounts to 1,490 m, the depths – 14–15 m. in depth. Capacity of the terminal is 10.9 million t of cargo a year. Terminal is serviced by Beregovaya Railway Station.
It has a specialized cargo unloading system with two car tipping devices for discharging of 125 t. semiwagons. Coal is delivered to the berths by means of 1,500 m long conveyor lines, transferring and driven stations and stackers (pilers). During the winter, frozen cargo is defrozen in advance in three special defrosting facilities with their capacity of 20 wagons each. The gantry cranes installed on the berths also enable to handleof pipes, metals, clinker, iron ore pellets, pig iron, etc. This terminal can handle vessels having carrying capacity of up to 120,000 t.
Open storage yards cover 185,500 sq. m, sheltered warehouses – 2,000 sq. m.
On the eastern coast of Liman, there is a complex to handle mineral cargoes, as well as coal, ore and containers. Maximum deadweight of accommodated vessels is 100,000 t. Efficiency of the fertilizers terminal totals up to 15,000 t per day and the grain terminal efficiency totals up to 25,000 t per day. The terminal operator is JV Transinvestservice.
In 2002, oil terminal Pivdenniy was put into operation. It is a sea component of the complex including 674 km long oil pipeline Odessa – Brody. Sea oil terminal Pivdenniy is technologically designed as a reverse system capable to receive oil from sea or to pump it into tankers from the running oil pipelines.
The first stage having throughput capacity of 9M t of oil per year has been already put into service.
In 2009, the grain terminal of BORIVAZH Company was set in operation. Its throughput capacity totals 2 million t. per year. In existing reservoirs they can store 126,000 t. of grain simultaneously.
TRANSBUNKER-YUG handles petroleum products. The intensity of handling averages 300 cu. m/hour/ship.
|Specialization||No.||Length (m)||Permissible Draft (m)|
|Cast iron, iron ore briquettes, metal||7||215||13,8|
|Cast iron, iron ore briquettes, metal||8||285||14,6|
|Cast iron, iron ore briquettes, metal||9||293||15,0|
|Bulk carbamide||warehouse – ship||12000||15000|
|Ammonia, methanol, carbamide-ammonia mix||warehouse – ship||24000|
|Coal||warehouse – ship||12000||20000|
|Iron ore pellets||warehouse – ship||30000||40000|
|Iron ore in briquette||warehouse – ship||10000||15000|
|Cast iron||warehouse – ship||15000||20000|
|Square pigs||warehouse – ship||7000||10000|
|Slabs||warehouse – ship||10000||12000|
|Sheets, rolls, wire rod, reinforcement||warehouse – ship||2500||5000|
There are 185,500 sq. m of open storage areas in the port. The area of sheltered warehouse comprises 2,000 sq. m.
Fastening of rolled metal in coils; parceling of packed metal; packing of billets; sorting of cargoes by leads, marks and dimensions; control weighing of wagons; clearing of wagons; defrosting of cargoes, etc.
The port also has:
- automobile cranes Kato, Tadano, etc. – 9 units;
- 43 forklift trucks: Kalmar up to 25 t l/c; Mitsubishi of 10 t l/c; Toyota of 10/7/4/1.5 t l/c; Linde of 25 t l/c; Sisu of 12/18 t l/c;
- 34 bucket trucks: WA200U1 – 2.2 cu. m; UNC – 3/0.5/0.4 cub. m; LIEBHERR L 574472 (2.4 cu. m);
- bulldozers – 5 units;
- port tractors (Terberg, Sisu, Kalmar) – 14 units;
- roll trailers – 35/70 t – 36 units;
- excavators – 6 units;
- tractors – 9 units;
- automobile graders – 1 units.
|Name, type||Quantity||Lifting Capacity (t)|
|Type||Name||Power (h. p.)|
|Berthing tug||Gennadiy Savel’ev||4200|
|Berthing tug||Evgeniy Yakovtsve||4200|
|Pilot-passenger boat||Neptun||480 х 2|
|Non-self propelled water carrier||Baikal||–|
|Bilge collecting boat||PS-323||225|
|Non-self-propelled oil carrier||Odessa||–|
|Oil-and-garbage collecting boat||Ekolog||99,4|
|Non-self propelled cargo pontoon||PN-1||–|
|Non-self propelled floating crane||PlK-1/16||16 t l/c|
|Self-propelled floating crane||Chernomorets-27||450, 100 t l/c|
Another hallmark of the port’s modern facilities is industrial TV and computerized automation systems for supervising various operations and processes of cargo handling and exploitation of equipment.