Ilyichevsk Merchant Sea Port (IMSP), one of the largest in Ukraine, is situated on the coast of Sukhoy Liman (estuary), 12 miles southwest of Odessa.
It was founded in 1958, as a cargo handling area for the port Odessa. Together with the port an adjacent town, Ilyichevsk, was built, which acquired independent municipal status in 1973. Today, Ilyichevsk is a modern city with highly developed infrastructure and industry.
Illichevsk Sea Port has the key position at the crossroad of main transport routes from Europe to Asia, between North and South, Central and East Europe, industrially developed regions of Ukraine, Russia and Kazakhstan and maritime routes of communication leading over the Mediterranean to the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
At present, Ukraine is linked to more than 100 countries of the world via the port.
Ilichevsk Sea Port position: Latitude 46°19′ N, Longitude 30°41′ E. Waves in the port waters normally do not exceed 1.1 m in height.
The territory of port has the shape of a stripe and it extents along port’s berths from the entrance upward the shore of Sukhoy Liman into the second basin to the ferry complex including also the third basin. The above mentioned right of way that runs with the land – the distance from water’s edge to the fence – has different width: from 200 to 1,400 m. Port waters of IMSP comprise inner and outer water areas. The inner water area is the one of Sukhoy Liman (except the water area of Ilichevsk Fishery Port); outer water area – the water area of the outer roadstead, anchor hold No. 351 and the water area of IMSP’s dump of soil. The maximum draft for ships in the port is 12 m. The passage draught at the berths is announced by the Harbour Master and is reported to navigators and other interested persons. The port can admit vessels up to 275 m length (in some cases – by permission of the Harbour Master – up to 300 m). The length of the port’s approach channel is 1,400 m, width – 160 m and depth – 17 m.
Shipmasters of all vessels must strictly follow the demands of Mandatory Regulations. Pilotage is compulsory for all vessels of 500 GRT or more. Entering, leaving and shifting in the port can be performed 24 hours a day but only under port’s pilot’s guidance. Small vessels (in accordance with the order No. 516 issued by the Ukrainian Ministry of Transport and Communications on 29.05.2006) when entering IMSP for the first time, must have a pilot on board or be led by a pilot boat with the exception of vessels flying Ukrainian flag whose masters have been permitted to navigate without pilot guidance, and vessels of Ukrainian Navy and Coast Guard. The port admits vessels with the draft of up to 13 m in the first basin (at berth No. 1 – up to 14 m). Passage of vessels with deeper draft requires permission of the Harbour Master. The shift from the first basin to the second one and vice-versa is permitted through the eastern passageway for vessels with the draft not exceeding 9.5 m. Vessels with draft exceeding 9.5 m can use the western passage way. Radio traffic surveillance escort of oil tankers, gas and chemicals carriers is compulsory (independent from visibility conditions) from the entrance in the VTS service area till anchoring or entering (leaving) the port.
Oil tankers, gas and chemicals carriers are allowed to enter and leave the port when wind velocity does not exceed 8 m/s. Vessels must have draft not exceeding 11.5 m when mooring at the berth of Illichevsk Fuel Terminal (IFT), at berth No. 29 – 7 m. Maximal length of gas carriers mooring at berth No. 29 is 120 m.
Depth reserve under gas carriers’ keel must be no less than 90 cm; for oil tankers – 60 cm, for all other ships – 30 cm. Loaded oil tankers or those with tanks in ballast that have not been degased, gas and chemicals carriers from/to the place of pilot’s embarkation (disembarkation) or to (from) the anchor hold are allowed to sail being escorted by the safety boat, which inform about vessels’ movements on Channel 12 of VHF radio station.
Ships bound for Illichevsk Shiprepair Yard, Illichevsk Fishery Sea Port or other departmental berths must inquire beforehand of these berths’ authorities about the passage depth and report it a state sea pilot. The Harbour Master gives permission for vessels entering and departing from ISRY.
Vessels approaching the port or lying at anchor in the outer roadstead can request a pilot via VTS (Illichevsk Port Control, channel 12). The shipmaster’s request for pilotage means his agreement to accept pilotage and VTS service. During the pilotage of vessels the traffic control is carried out by a VTS operator.
The shipmaster (or his agent) orders a pilot and tugboats (when remooring or putting to sea) after outward formalities in the State Port Control Inspection (SPCI) office are performed via Pilot Service Operator (call sign Illichevsk PortControl, VHF Channel 12, ph. 1832), 30 minutes before the vessel is completely ready to mooring operations.
For ships entering Sukhoy Liman from the sea, the pilots’ embarkation place is located at the corresponding Buoy, 103° and 1.86 miles from Ilyichevskiy lighthouse.
In case of unfavorable weather condition, the place to take pilots on board or to disembark them can be changed in consultation with the Harbour Master and the pilot. During winter navigation period a pilot can be brought on board the ship and disembarked by sea tugboat for the account of a ship’s owner.
The pilotage assistance is prioritized according to the time of request in consultation with the Chief Operator of the port.
To have the right of unassisted navigation in port waters, shipmasters, captain’s mates, navigators of allied trades sailing auxiliary vessels and passenger boats of PTF must present the Harbour Master protocol containing results of annual tests (knowledge of Mandatory Regulations, technical data of the own vessel, etc.). If the Mandatory Regulations are violated, a navigator is debarred sailing his ship aidless in port waters. Captains permitted by the Harbour Master to navigate with no pilot on board, must take one in special cases determined by the Shift Supervisor of SPCI. Departmental pilots have no permission to guide a vessel in the water area of IMSP.
If propelling engine, ground tackle or steering gear of a vessel is out of commission, mooring operations of such ships are possible only after the Harbour Master gives his permission. In this case the pilotage is to be paid double. By wind speed exceeding 10 m/c all mooring operations with these vessels are forbidden.
Pilotage and mooring by wind speed exceeding14 m/c are prohibited. Unproductive delays of a pilot over two hours, if it is vessel’s fault, are paid in accordance with Merchant Shipping Code Of Ukraine. Pilotage to the port by limited visibility must be coordinated with the Harbour Master. In all conflicts concerning pilotage to Sukhoy Liman the Harbour Master has his command authority.
Oil tankers of more than 160 m length for the safety purpose must heave tug lines from bow and stern onto tugboats in the water area of the first basin and sail, escorted, to the berth of the fuel terminal through the eastern passageway.
Loaded tankers approaching IFT should heave the lines in the first basin; when leaving the terminal – at the berth, and then they sail through the western passageway escorted by a necessary number of tugboats. Transit’s direction is 153–333°. The passage depth of the channel – 11 m. The above mentioned vessels are not allowed to sail with the speed of more then 4 knots in the port. All other ships in the port water area are forbidden to move when these vessels pass. Oil tankers leaving the fuel terminal and directing toward the exit heave two lines onto the tug boat and pass, escorted, by a safety boat. During passage of an oil tanker from the fuel terminal toward the exit through the western passageway, anchorage of vessels at berth No. 19 is not allowed. The speed of an oil tanker must be minimal but sufficient to provide for ship’s controllability.
- high intensity of cargo handling at all terminals and complexes of the port;
- modern level of port services;
- accommodation of vessels of all types flying any flag with maximal draught up to 14 m and up to 100,000 DWT;
- all year navigation and icebreaking pilotage;
- control of navigational safety in the port and on approach to it;
- compliance with demands of SOLAS74 convention and ISPS code;
- Protection of the environment on the territory and in the port’s water area;
- constant informational exchange with clients concerning cargo and transport means tracking.
Port renders services as follows:
- transport and forwarding;
- stuffing of containers;
- cargo storage in the port’s bonded warehouse;
- assistance of customs broker;
- cargo marking and preparation;
- towing, maintenance and repair of vessels;
- bunkering of ships with water at the berths and on the roadstead;
- collection of bilge, ballast water and garbage from ships;
- cargo carriages by port’s own road transport;
- development of handling technology for unique large-size and heavy cargoes weighing up to 400 t by means of floating cranes (incl. those on shippers’ request);
- international phone, computer and facsimile services, etc.
The most important characterizing feature of Ilyichevsk port is its universality. Specialized terminals of the port with a number of loading machines and load-gripping devices enable to handle a wide range of cargoes – general, incl. containers and ro-ro cargoes, bulk and liquid ones. They are flexible in the port speaking of foreign trade conjuncture changes, evolvement and development of new cargo flows.
Terminal capacities, high professionalism and rich experience of port workers, the developed infrastructure allow servicing customers at modern level.
The port of Illichevsk has:
- facilities enabling to handle more than 32M t of cargo a year;
- berthing line totaling about 6,000 m with modern berths Nos. 129;
- storage areas that allow storage of 1.5 million of different cargoes. Area of outdoor storage covers 575,000 sq. m, sheltered warehouses – 27,000 sq. m.
- on the outer road – 21 m;
- in the approach channel – 16 m;
- at berths – 7.5 – 14 m;
- railway infrastructure – 6 entrances to the port, more than 50 km of railways fitted out with necessary handling equipment. The railway fronts provide operations with up to 1,300 wagons a day;
- road infrastructure with developed network of inner motor roads that allow transport to enter the port through 5 port’s checkpoints;
- own auxiliary fleet.
SPECIALIZED COMPLEXES AND TERMINALS
Multipurpose handling terminals are located on berths Nos. 2, 7, 8, 12–15, 18, 22, which have depths at the quay wall up to 13 m and can accommodate vessels with any general cargoes.
These berths are equipped with gantry cranes of up to 40 t l/c and rather spacious storage areas served by rear container cranes and various wheeled motor vehicles like lift trucks, trucks, haulage tractors with trailers, wheeled bucket machines, etc.
The port has all necessary facilities to handle rolled metal of any range and cast iron. The enterprise can boast its longstanding experience in handling of long rolled metal and large-diameter pipes.
On berths Nos. 11 and 12 there are areas to store heavy and bulky cargoes. Floating cranes of 100 and 300 t l/c enable the port to handle cargoes of up to 400 t.
The branchy network of railway approach lines and substantial loading area allow accommodation of vessels and handling operations by direct technological scheme with simultaneous loading/unloading wagon operations on the back railways and at warehouse ramps.
Cargo delivery to port’s warehouses and forwarding of cargo from the port can be carried out by special motor vehicles.
High value cargoes and those requiring sheltered storage can be kept in the warehouses on berths Nos. 12 and 22.
Today Ilyichevsk port possesses the leading positions among Ukrainian ports involved in container handling.
This is a multipurpose logistics complex rendering the full range of services related to containerized cargoes like:
- handling and storage of containers;
- operations on containers stuffing;
- storage of cargo in the warehouses that have their status of ongoing customs control zone;
- technical maintenance of customs clearance;
- round-the-clock release of containers from the port;
- dispatching control of trucks traffic on the territory of the port and on approach roads;
- information exchange between all participants of transport process and control bodies.
The total container throughput capacity of the port amounts to 1.15M TEU. The storage facilities enable to keep simultaneously up to 26,000 TEU, 18,000 stuffed and 8,000 empty ones among them.
Storage capacity of the refrigerator area amounts to 606 plugs.
Containers are loaded and unloaded from vessels by means of container ship-to-shore cranes. Container carriages inwards the port and their pick up for consignees are performed by road and railway transport.
Container handling is carried our at 5 berths.
Berth No. 1
Annual throughput capacity – 300,000 TEU. Length – 306 m, depth – 13.5 м.
- ship-to-shore cranes of 35 t l/c – 2 units;
- rear rail-mounted cranes of 35 t l/c – 6 units;
- reachstacker of 41 t l/c – 1 unit;
- port hauling tractors of 45 t l/c – 15 units.
Berths Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6
Annual throughput capacity – 850,000 TEU. Total berthing line – 656 m. Depth – 13.5 m.
- ship-to-shore cranes of 35–45 t l/c – 5 units;
- rear rail-mounted cranes of 35–45 t l/c – 4 units;
- rear pneumatic cranes of 45 t l/c – 6 units;
- RTGs of 55 t l/c – 11 units;
- port hauling tractors of 45 t l/c – 16 units.
On port’s territory there are specialized cargo complexes (SCC) – SCC-1 and SCC-2, which are involved in all kinds of control and inspection of containers by their clearance across the boarder24 hours a day.
The complex is working as a ‘single office’: all services involved in container clearance across the boarder like customs, boarder and phyto-sanitary control, veterinary quarantine, port’s transport and forwarding department, representatives of sanitary-epidemiologic, ecological and IRC services, are gathered there.
The warehouses have the status of ongoing customs control zone and give the opportunity to store there any non-hazardous cargo providing there is a BL and a packing sheet presented – with neither preliminary approvals of quarantine services, nor customs declaration.
The complex on container stuffing and the ‘single office’ principle allow providing customers with all services related to stuffing and prompt execution of all necessary formalities by releasing containers from the port.
The only Ukrainian multimodal complex specialized in operation of railway and RO-RO ferry lines is located on berths Nos. 26, 27 and 28.
Complex facilities ensure running of Euro-Asian transport corridor linking the countries of Western Europe, Ukraine, Georgia and Asian countries.
Two railway ferries and two Ro-Ro vessels can be handled there at a time.
The terminal has independent entrances for wagons and motor vehicles.
Terminal’s throughput capacities allow handling of 4.5M t cargo in railway wagons, 4,300 heavy-duty trucks and 250,000 units of the other wheeled machinery per annum.
The railway ferry complex has the pier with two berths (Nos. 26, 27), two lift-joining bridges of stationary-shore type, the railways system for cars supply, the units to control processes of loading and unloading of wagons, additional devices providing operations with long-haul motor vehicles and those to equip the cargo checkpoints on Ukrainian boarder.
Speaking of the railway ferry transport means, the complex presents the hub for two main lines active on the Black Sea:
- Ilyichevsk (Ukraine) – Varna (Bulgaria) – Poti/Batumi (Georgia);
- Ilyichevsk (Ukraine) – Derince (Turkey).
- Handling of ferries and Ro-Ro vessels with international trucks and light-load motor vehicles and export-import wheeled machinery is performed at the ferry complex with berth No. 28. Length of this berth is 270 m, depth at the quay wall – 9.6 m.
Specialized Ore Complex
The specialized complex for handling of bulk, ground storage cargoes, incl. import non-ferrous ores, is located at berths Nos. 9 and 10.
Due to sufficient depths, the port provides berthing of vessels with import ores without expensive preliminary unloading on the roadstead for reaching the passable draft. The complex scheme of mechanization by existing arrangement allows for simultaneous accommodation of 2 vessels with 4-5 process lines each. The intensity of vessels handling makes 15–18,000 t per day.
Vessels are unloaded into railway cars, the storage yard or hoppers by gantries equipped with grapples. Then, conveyer lines transport cargoes to the rear warehouses.
Total capacity of the warehouses amounts up to 150,000 t.
Ore from warehouses is transported by railway gondola cars that are loaded by gantries equipped with grabble.
The complex is fitted out with three wage scales.
The front of wagons handling makes 60 units.
The complex’ annual throughput capacity amounts to 3 million t.
Socialized Complex for Sulfur Handling
The complex specialized in handling of sulfur incl. granulated one is located at berths Nos. 19, 20.
Total berthing line makes 420 m, depth – 9.75 m.
This highly mechanized complex is equipped with two sheltered stations for unloading of wagons.
The capacity of sheltered warehouses amounts to 89,000 t.
Unloading of railway cars is performed by means of gantry cranes fitted out with grabbles.
Sulfur is transported to the warehouse by stationary and mobile conveyer belts.
Ships loading is carried out by gantries with grabbles.
The complex’ throughput capacity amounts to 2 million t of sulfur per year.
Grain Handling Complex
The complex specialized in handling of export-import grain cargoes is situated in the area of berths Nos. 16, 17, close to the station carriage rolling stock Ilyichevsk – port that is used for accumulation of wagons before supplying them to the complex what provides the required productivity of discharging.
Length of each berth totals 200 m, the depths amount to 11.5 m.
38 silo towers with the capacity of 5,000 t each, provide for simultaneous storage of 190,000 t of grain.
Four stations for wagons discharging and two ships loader units having capacity of 700 t and 900 t per hour, provide for discharging of 250 wagons and shipment of 20,000 t of grain a day.
Grain cargo transported to the port by trucks is discharged on special trestles of two trucks unloading stations.
Two vessels of Panamax type with displacement of up to 70,000 t each can be handled simultaneously at the complex.
The throughput capacity of the complex amounts to 4 million t. per year.
Specialized Complex for Storage and Handling of Liquid Vegetable Oil
The complex specialized in storage and handling of liquid vegetable oils is located on the upper plateau at the rear of berths Nos. 8-11; oil pipeline is fed out onto berth No. 11.
The complex is equipped with electronic system of control, storage and pump-over. The reservoir park enables to store simultaneously 90,000 t of cargo.
Vegetable oils are supplied from the tank battery to the berths by technological pipelines connecting five pump stations. There are 6 separate technological pipelines at the complex serving for loading oils of various sorts. They carry out loading of up to 12,000 t of cargo aboard a ship (it depends on vessel’s type), as well as discharging of 88 railway tanks and 50 road tankers per day.
The complex is equipped with wage and platform truck scales located in immediate proximity to the discharge jetties.
The throughput capacity of the complex amounts to 1.5M t of vegetable oils per year.
Ilyichevsk Fuel Terminal.
Ilyichevsk fuel terminal is destined for reception of petroleum products (diesel fuel, petrol, heating oil, crude oil) from railway transport, their storage and shipment aboard seagoing vessels. There is the possibility to operate in reverse mode.
The complex is equipped with:
- tank battery having the capacity of 77,000 cu. m;
- Railway overpass for discharging/filling of petroleum products;
- technological pipelines.
Berth No. 25 of 290 m length and 12 m depth, is used for mooring and handling of tankers.
Loading of tankers is carried out by separate pipelines and with special pumps for crude oil, fuel oil and light oil products.
Petroleum products are stored in reservoirs. Technological scheme is supposed to pump over petroleum products into reservoirs by type of every petroleum products separately.
The annual throughput capacity of the complex makes 2.4 million t.
Complex for Handling of Liquefied Gases (1st stage)
They accommodate low-tonnage gas carriers at the auxiliary berth that has 122 m length and 7.5 m depth at the quay wall (direct variant).
The complex is equipped with 2 railway fronts for handling of tanks with liquefied gas and the corresponding stations for their discharge.
Intensity of ships loading makes 250 t per hour.
Complex’ throughput capacity at the first stage amounts to 220,000 t per year.
Full project annual capacity of the complex – 1.2 million t.
Plants Located Near IMSP
The plants are located in immediate proximity to port’s territory and at its rearward areas. They are technologically linked to the berths of the port.
Plant for Deep Proceeding of Agricultural Products
It is located on the back areas of the port close to the terminal for grain handling.
The plant comprises:
- reservoirs to store sunflowers seeds and vegetable oil;
- facilities for seeds proceeding;
- technological pipelines to load vessels with oil;
- conveyers for transferring ground oilcake to the storehouse.
There is a sheltered warehouse built near the grain handling complex in the rear of berth No. 17. It is designed for accumulation and storage of ground oilcake, which can be exported or delivered to domestic consumers.
For handling of the plant’s production they use berths Nos. 16, 17 belonged to the grain terminal.
Ilyichevsk Oil-and-Fat Integrated Plant (1-st stage)
it is located beyond port’s territory and is technologically linked to port’s berth No. 21.
Transport of export vegetable oils and receiving of import tropical oils is carried out by the oil manifold running along the special trestle.
A mobile stander is situated on berth No. 21. It connects the technological onshore oil manifold of the plant with ship’s loading systems. There is a station for oil discharging and onshore reservoirs for storage of 36,000 cu. m of sunflower and tropical vegetable oils (export, import, transit).
The transshipment base capacity makes 500,000 t of oils annually.
Plant for Extraction of Vegetable Oil
It is located beyond the port’s area and is technologically linked to the port complex for handling of vegetable oils.
The plant carries out proceeding of sunflower seeds for the purpose of further oil export.
The plant comprises:
- reservoirs to store sunflower seeds;
- reservoirs to store vegetable oil;
- workshops on proceeding seeds;
- technological pipelines for loading oil into ship’s holds.
There is the comprehensive pool of handling equipment and loading devices in the port what provides for qualitative handling of vast nomenclature of general, bulk and liquid cargoes.
The port has:
- gantry cranes of 5-40 t l/c – 75 units;
- ship-to-shore cranes of 30.5–45 t l/c – 14 units.;
- travelling loaders of 10-20 t l/c – 4 units;
- travelling cranes of 5–10 t l/c – 7 units.;
- jib-type cranes of 5–55 t l/c – 20 units;
- floating cranes of 5, 100, 300 t l/c – 4 units;
- bridge-type trucks of 35 t l/c – 13 units;
- lift trucks of 1.5–32 t l/c – 112 units;
- reachstacker of 41 t l/c – 1 unit;
- port heavy haulers – 18 units;
- bucket loaders – 17 units;
- tractors – 27 units;
- excavating machines – 6 units;
The port has got at its disposal around 400 different motor vehicles, including heavy-duty trucks VOLVO that can transport containers across Ukraine, CIS-countries and Europe. In Ukraine, they use haulers VOLVO F12 for 20′, 40′, 45′ containers; beyond Ukrainian territory – hauler VOLVO FH12 with semitrailer-van for euro-pallets of 89.3 cu. m.
There is also an emergency tow truck VOLVO F12 to serve the customers.
The port fleet provides:
- uninterrupted safe round-the-clock vessels calls;
- admittance of ships in port’s responsibility-responsibility zone;
- sea pilotage along the approach channel;
- mooring at piers, re-mooring between berths during loading/unloading operations, unmooring by departure for leaving the port;
- escorting to the port’s gate;
servicing of vessels:
- bunkering of vessels with potable water and fuel;
- clearing and decontamination of transport means;
- reception of bilge waters and waste from vessels being loaded-unloaded;
- carriage of cargoes, tug service;
- reloading of heavy-weight cargoes and grain;
- pontoons for loading operations;
- passenger and roadstead carriages, servicing of SPCI and pilots;
- elimination of petroleum products spillages, as well as the other hazardous substances from vessels in the port water area;
- fire-fighting and rescue operations.
Ilichevsk port’s fleet comprises 49 vessels of different applications and classes fitted out with comprehensive necessary equipment to fulfill current port’s tasks:
- tug boats of 150-7,400 ph – 12 units;
- bilge water collectors of 306 and 417 DWT – 2 units;
- oil and garbage disposal vessel of 135 and 160 ph – 2 units;
- floating cranes of 5, 100 and 300 t l/c – 4 units;
- passenger launches of 50, 70 and 140 passengers capacity – 5 units;
- water tanker of 188 and 894 t capacity – 2units;
- fuelers of 1,500 and 3,000 t capacity – 2 units;
- non-self propelled barges of 1,072 t cargo capacity – 3 units;
- dispensary vessels.